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145 countries now recognize a Palestinian state

PARIS: Israel’s war in Gaza since the Oct. 7 attack has revived a global push for Palestinians to gain a state of their own.

Norway, Spain and Ireland on Tuesday (May 28) became the latest countries to recognize a state of Palestine, breaking with the long-held view of Western powers that Palestinians can only obtain statehood as part of a peace negotiated with Israel.

Their move, which has angered Israel, brings 145 of the 193 United Nations member states to have recognized a Palestinian state.

They include many countries in the Middle East, Africa, and Asia, but not the United States, Canada, most of Western Europe, Australia, Japan, or South Korea.

In April, the United States used its veto in the UN Security Council to prevent a Palestinian bid to become a full UN member state.

Here is a brief summary of the Palestinians’ quest for a state:

1988: ARAFAT PROCLAIMS THE STATE

On November 15, 1988, during the first Palestinian intifada or uprising, Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat unilaterally proclaimed an independent Palestinian state with Jerusalem as its capital.

He made the announcement in Algiers, at a meeting of the exiled Palestinian National Council, which adopted as its goal a two-state solution, with independent Israeli and Palestinian states coexisting side by side.

Minutes later, Algeria became the first country to officially recognize an independent Palestinian state.

Within weeks, dozens of other countries, including much of the Arab world, India, Turkey, most of Africa, and several countries in central and eastern Europe had followed suit.

The next wave of recognitions came in late 2010 and early 2011, at a time of crisis in the Middle East peace process.

South American countries, including Argentina, Brazil and Chile, responded to Palestinian calls to support their claims for statehood.

This came in response to Israel’s decision to end a temporary ban on the construction of Jewish settlements in the occupied West Bank.

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